An analysis of hiv the biggest viral threats in human society

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An analysis of hiv the biggest viral threats in human society

In Model 1, all the predictors were included. Among these predictors physicians density, proportion of Muslim populations, and adolescent fertility rate were found as the significant predictors of HIV prevalence rate.

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Significant associations between contraceptive prevalence rates and mean year of schooling were also found. These findings are also important because they indicate the link between health and policy or economics at the country level, and also highlight the direction of health policy in the current world.

Contraceptive prevalence rate Contraceptive using is a well known determinant of HIV prevalence indicator at the country level which is playing the vital role in preventing HIV transmission.

Globally, contraceptive use and its agreement is related to the range of methods available, patient choice, prevalent health and religious beliefs, perceptions of method effectiveness, and side effects Despite the fact that the contributions of contraception to reducing mother to child transmission MTCT have been well documented 22 — However, in some countries where the HIV prevalence rate is high, contraceptive use is reasonably low.

High rates of unmet contraceptive need and unplanned pregnancy have been reported among HIV infected women in Malawi, South Africa, and Uganda 25 — Women with HIV infection may wish to plan pregnancy limit their family or avoid pregnancy.

The correct and consistent use of male condoms prevents HIV transmission to the partner 29 — Compared with inconsistent use, consistent condom use reduces the risk of seroconversion to half among HIV-discordant couples 31 and reduces the risk of acquiring other sexually transmitted infections STIs.

Unfortunately, the knowledge of contraception and access to family planning remain limited among women living with HIV and AIDS in different contexts Oral contraceptives, intrauterine devices IUDsand sterilization are highly effective methods of contraception, which however do not prevent HIV transmission.

Health care provides continue to have important role in care and support for PLHA. The health care providers are always in the pursuit of better healthcare interventions for the HIV infected population.

The global shortage of health workers is estimated at over 4 million, with 57 countries experiencing severe shortage; defined as fewer than 0.

The physicians investigate the risk factors and risk practices, inform, prevent new cases and, in the infected people, monitor the evaluation, supporting and comforting.

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Physicians ask the HIV infected patients more questioning about their sex lives and needle-using habits in order to slow the spread of HIV.

The majority of identified HIV-positive people are in contact with health care providers 6.

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Importantly, an awful lot of those HIV infected people continue to be sexually active and to spread the infection to others. They deliver prevention messages, providing condoms and, when appropriate, referring patients to outside prevention services.

They also encourage patients to notify partners of their infections and to help patients contact health departments to arrange for notification of partners who are not already informed.

The different types of health workers-doctors, nurses, midwives, clinical officers, rural medical practitioners, and others are contributing to prevent HIV infection and they acknowledged by WHO.

An analysis of hiv the biggest viral threats in human society

Sometimes the health workers have to work jointly in the national and or international organizations. Now IntraHealth supports these services in clinics where a good number of frontline physicians are working continuously. Proportion of Muslims The cultural and sexual practices between the religions are different.

The low prevalence group is largely Muslim and the high prevalence group is largely non-Muslim; a finding also of Gray Background. All over the world the prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) has became a stumbling stone in progress of human civilization and is a huge concern for people worldwide.

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An analysis of hiv the biggest viral threats in human society

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the leading causes of death and disability globally, killing more than three in five people worldwide and responsible for more than half of the.

Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is essential to its effectiveness and avoidance of the development of drug-resistant HIV strains. Many studies have been undertaken on factors affecting adherence to ART; however, there is little information about Laos.

Hence, this qualitative study examines barriers to and facilitators of adherence specific to this context.

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